What is seismic waves and its types?

What is seismic waves and its types?

There are two broad classes of seismic waves: body waves and surface waves. Body waves travel within the body of Earth. They include P, or primary, waves and S, or secondary, wavessecondary, wavesshear wave, transverse wave that occurs in an elastic medium when it is subjected to periodic shear. Shear is the change of shape, without change of volume, of a layer of the substance, produced by a pair of equal forces acting in opposite directions along the two faces of the layer.https://www.britannica.com › science › shear-waveshear wave | physics | Britannica. P waves cause the ground to compress and expand, that is, to move back and forth, in the direction of travel.

What are the different modes of propagation of radio waves?

Radio waves can propagate from transmitter to receiver in four ways: through ground waves, sky waves, free space waves, and open field waves. Ground waves exist only for vertical polarization, produced by vertical antennas, when the transmitting and receiving antennas are close to the surface of the earth.

Why are seismic waves transverse?

S waves, also called shear or transverse waves, cause points of solid media to move back and forth perpendicular to the direction of propagation; as the wave passes, the medium is sheared first in one direction and then in another.

Why EM waves are called guided waves?

A waveguide is a structure that guides waves, such as electromagnetic waves or sound, with minimal loss of energy by restricting the transmission of energy to one direction.

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What is Gul testing?

GUL Screening uses guided wave technology as a solution to the rapid detection of corrosion, erosion and other damages in steel pipes and rail. This is an advanced non-destructive testing (NDT) method used for pipe and rail inspection.

What is guided propagation?

Type of radio-wave propagation in which radiated rays are bent excessively by refraction in the lower layers of the atmosphere; this bending creates an effect much as if a duct or waveguide has been formed in the atmosphere to guide part of the radiated energy over distances far beyond the normal range.

Is a seismic wave longitudinal or transverse?

The P (primary) seismic wavesprimary) seismic wavesP waves cause the ground to compress and expand, that is, to move back and forth, in the direction of travel. They are called primary waves because they are the first type of wave to arrive at seismic recording stations. P waves can travel through solids, liquids, and even gases.https://www.britannica.com › video › rock-vibrations-Earth-eaDiscern between body and surface waves, primary and secondary are also longitudinal. In a longitudinal wave, each particle of matter vibrates about its normal rest position and along the axis of propagation, and all particles participating in the wave motion behave in the same manner, except that there is a…

What are the different types of propagation modes of fiber optic cable?

Fiber-optic cable has two propagation modes: multimode and single mode. They perform differently with respect to both attenuation and time dispersion.

What are called guided waves?

What are called waves?

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What are guided waves give examples?

Lamb waves are guided waves traveling along thin plates, whereas Rayleigh waves are guided waves constrained to the surface. Guided waves can also exist in solid and hollow cylinders, as well as in shell structures.

How many modes are there in Fibre optic cables?

There are two primary types of fibre multimode and singlemode. Multimode fibre can carry multiple light rays (modes) at the same time by having varying optical properties at the core; essentially light travelling the shortest path (down the middle) travels the slowest.

What is meant by guided wave?

noun. a wave the energy of which is concentrated near a boundary or between parallel boundaries separating different materials and that has a direction of propagation parallel to these boundaries.

What type of waves are seismic waves?

There are three basic types of seismic waves P-waves, S-waves and surface waves. P-waves and S-waves are sometimes collectively called body waves.

What are guided wave explain it?

guided wave: A wave having (a) energy concentrated near a boundary, or between substantially parallel boundaries, separating materials of different properties and (b) a direction of propagation effectively parallel to these boundaries. (

What are propagation modes?

propagation mode: The manner in which radio signals travel from a transmitting antenna to a receiving antenna, such as ground wave, sky wavesky waveIn radio communication, skywave or skip refers to the propagation of radio waves reflected or refracted back toward Earth from the ionosphere, an electrically charged layer of the upper atmosphere.https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › SkywaveSkywave – Wikipedia, direct wave, ground reflection, or scatter. (

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What is guided wave frequency?

The frequency used in the inspection depends on the thickness of the structure, but guided wave testing typically uses ultrasonic frequencies in the range of 10 kHz to several MHz. Higher frequencies can be used in some cases, but detection range is significantly reduced.

What type of wave is a seismic wave?

Types of Seismic Waves The two main types of waves are body waves and surface waves. Body waves can travel through the Earth’s inner layers, but surface waves can only move along the surface of the planet like ripples on water. Earthquakes send out seismic energy as both body and surface waves.

Are seismic waves always transverse?

Seismic waves are waves of energy that are transported through the earth and over its surface by means of both transverse and longitudinal waves.

What do you mean by radio wave propagation?

Radio propagation is the way radio signals are transmitted from one point to another inside the earth’s atmosphere or free space. Since these are electromagnetic waves, they exhibit properties such as reflection, refraction, diffraction, absorption, polarization and scattering.15 Nov 2016

What are different propagation modes?

Hint: There are three types of modes of propagation of electromagnetic waves: Ground wave propagation, Space wave propagation and Skywave propagation.

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